Student Interests definition According to the experts -according Kartono (1995), the interest is moments from the tendency of intensive soul-directed to an object which is considered the most effective (feelings, emotional) in which there are elements of effective (emotions) strong , Interest is also associated with personality. So in the interest of the introduction of further elements (cognitive), emotional (affective), and capabilities (conative) to achieve an object, a person of a problem or a situation that is concerned with the self (Buchori, 1985)
Biology is the study of life. All living things become objects of biology. Therefore biology berobyekkan living objects. So pretty much the sciences are incorporated in it. Biology as a science is also an object on the aspects of interest. Thus, it can give birth bidangbiologi reaction senag feelings, joy, and enthusiasm for learning, and vice versa, depending on the personality of the students themselves are of high interest to the field of biology or not (Ahmadi, 1998).
Understanding Student Interests According to the experts - According Hardjana (1994), the interest is high liver tendency towards something that arises due to the need, perceived or not perceived or desire certain things. Interests can be interpreted tendency to be attracted or compelled to pay attention to someone for something or activities in certain fields (Lockmono, 1994).
Interest may be because what activities and as a result of participating in an activity. Because of the interest in learning is the tendency of the heart to learn to get the information, knowledge, skills through business, teaching or experience (Hardjana, 1994).
According to Gie (1998), interest means busy, interested, or looks entirely with something of activity since realized the importance of that activity. Thus, interest in learning is entirely a student's involvement with all activities of the mind is attentive to acquire knowledge and achieve an understanding of scientific knowledge at the school from which they graduated.
Great interest influence on learning activities. Students who are interested in biology will study biology in earnest as studious, happy to follow the presentation of biology, and can even find difficulties in learning to solve problems and practical exercises because of the appeal obtained by studying biology. Students will easily memorize the lessons that interest him. Interest is closely linked to motivation. Motivation arises because of the need, as well as interest, thus fitting when the interest is a motivational tool. The learning process will run smoothly when accompanied interests. Therefore, teachers need to arouse the interest of students so that the students lessons given easy to understand (Hasnawiyah, 1994).
Psychiatric conditions is needed in the learning process. That means that interest as a psychiatric aspects spawned its own charm to look at a particular object.
Based on the results of psychological research shows that lack of interest in learning could lead to a lack of interest in a particular field, it can even give birth to teachers rejection (Slameto, 1995).
Interest is one of the main factors for success in the study. Studies in the United States on one of the major causes of the failure of the students study suggests that the cause is the lack of interest (GIE, 1998).
According to Gie (1998), the importance of interest in relation to the implementation of the study is
Interests childbirth attention immediately.
Memudahnya interest in the creation of concentration.
Interests prevent interference from outside
Interest in strengthening the attachment of learning materials in the memory.
Interests reduce boredom in the self-study learning.
Interests spawned spontaneous attention that allows the creation of concentration for a long time thus, the interest is the foundation for concentration. Interest is very personal, others can not grow in self-esteem, can not maintain and develop interest in it, and probably not interested in something as a representative from each student (GIE, 1995).
Interest and attention to learning are intimately connected once. Someone who is interested in a particular subject, usually tend to pay attention to these subjects. Conversely, if a person is continuously paying attention either consciously or not a particular object, can usually generate interest in the object.
If a student has a particular interest in the subject he will. But on the contrary if the student is not interested, the focus on subjects that are being taught are usually he is lazy to do it. Likewise, students who do not pay attention to the subjects taught, it is difficult that students are expected to learn well. This certainly affects the learning outcomes (Kartono, 1995).
An interest can be expressed through a statement indicating that the student is more like a thing than anything else, may be manifested through participation in an activity. Students who have an interest in a particular subject tend to give greater attention to the subject.
Interest is not inborn but acquired later. The interest in something learned since birth but gained later. Interest in something learned and influence subsequent learning as well as affect the acceptance of new interests. So interest in something is the result of learning and study support further even though interest in something that does not is essential to be able to learn it.
Develop an interest in something basically is to help students see how the relationship between the material expected to be learned by himself as an individual. This process is meant to show students how a particular knowledge or skills to influence him, serve its objectives, satisfy its needs. When students realize that learning is a tool to achieve several goals as important and when students see that from the results of their learning experiences will bring progress on her, most likely students will be interested and motivated to learn.
Thus the need for businesses or thought that can provide solutions to increase student interest, particularly with regard to the field of biology. Interest as an aspect of the obligation is not an innate aspect, but rather the conditions that formed after influenced by the environment. Because of the interest of its fickle and very dependent on the individual.
Interest in learning can be reminded through the practice of concentration. Concentration is a mental activity to observe an object in depth. It can be said that concentration arises if a person has an interest in an object, and vice versa is a psychological condition that is needed in teaching and learning in schools. The condition is very important that proper concentration will give birth to a high concentration of attention attitude towards the object being studied.
Interest as one of the psychological aspect is influenced by several factors, both the nature of the (internal) or outside (external). Viewed from within the students, interest is influenced by the ideals, satisfaction, needs, talents and habits. Meanwhile, when seen from the outside factors do not settle its interest but can be changed according to the environmental conditions. The external factors may include complete facilities and infrastructure, relationships with parents and the public perception of an object as well as socio-cultural background (Slameto, 1995).
According Slameto (1995), the factors that influence the above can be addressed by teachers in schools by:
Presentation materials designed systematically, more practical and more berserni presentation.
Provide stimulus to the students to pay high attention to the field of study that is being taught.
Develop the habit of regular
Improve the physical condition of the students.
Maintain the ideals and aspirations of the students.
Oenunjang provide adequate facilities.
Interest in learning to form specific academic attitude that is very personal to each student. Therefore, interest in learning must be grown solely by each student. The only other party to strengthen and foster interest or to maintain the interest that has been owned by someone (Loekmono, 1994).
Interest related to certain values. Therefore, contemplate values in the learning activity is very useful to generate interest. For example learning to pass exams, a champion, an expert in one of the sciences, satisfy curiosity to get a degree or get a job. Thus the interest in learning does not have to depart from the value or motivation grandiose. If the interest in learning obtained in turn will raise the concentration or seriousness in learning (Sudarmono, 1994)
Loekmono (1994), suggests that an important motif 5 points that can be used as a reason to encourage the growth of interest in learning within a student yiatu:
A desire to obtain the values are better in all subjects.
An inner urge to satisfy curiosity in one or another field of study.
The desire of students to improve student growth and personal development.
The desire of students to receive praise from parents, teachers or friends.
Picture yourself in the future to achieve success in a particular field.
Some steps to generate interest in learning according to (Sudarnono, 1994), namely:
Directing attention to the objectives to be achieved.
Regarding the game elements in learning activities.
Plan learning activities and to follow the plan.
Make sure learning objectives at that time for example; finish homework or report.
Get satisfaction after completing a study schedule.
Be positive in the face of learning activities.
Exercising freedom of emotions during the study.